Islam and Sufism
A Brief Description
The word ‘Islam’ means ‘submission’. It means submitting to the will of God. Being the religion of Peace and Love it lays great importance on the Acceptance that there is No God but Allah and Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) is His Messenger. It also makes it obligatory upon the Muslims, the followers of the Religion to Believe in The Scared Books; The Holy Quran, Holy Tawrat,Holy Zabur,Holy Injil and the Scrolls of Abraham and Moses (Peace be upon them).
Islam stresses it obligatory to believe in Other Prophets which are as Adam, Nuh, Isa, Abraham . Thus, believing in all 124000 Prophets (Peace be upon them).
Articles of Faith with reference to Islam
There are mainly 5 Articles of Faith with reference to Islam in which the Muslims believes;
- There is One God and He alone is to be worshipped;
- In the Existence of Angels who are made up of Nu’ur;
- In the Sacred Books. Taurat revealed to Prophet Moses, Zabur reveled to Prophet David, Injil (Gospel) revealed to Prophet Moses and The Holy Quran revealed to the Last Messenger, Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him);
- In all the 124000 Prophets who were sent as a mercy and Guide for the mankind.
- In the Day of Judegement, the Yawm al-Qiyamah
- In Predestination or the Life after Death.
Sufism (Tasawwuf) is a mystical dimension of Islam through which the Seeker finds Divine Love and Knowledge.
It is a branch which aids the Seeker in journeying and travelling the Spiritual Path leading to the Divine Presence by acquiring the highest Degrees of Respect (Adab), Love (Muhabbat) and Service (Khidmat).
The four Main Sufi Orders of Sufism are Qadriyyah, Chishtiyah, Soharwardiyah, and Naqshbandiyah. Qadriyyah Order was named after Sayyidi Sultan Muhayuddeen Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani, Chishtiya named after Sultan Ul Hind Khwaja Moeen Ud Din Chishti Ajmeri, Soharwardiya after Khwaja Muhammad Omar Shahab Ud Deen Soharwardi and Naqshbandiyya named after Khwaja Bahaauddin Naqshband (Peace be upon them).
Other famous Sufi Orders Includes the Mevlevi Order of Mawlana Jalaaluddin Rumi, Shahdilliyah and the Owaisiyah Order.
Is Sufism related to Islam?
Islam refers to submitting before God and so does the teachings of Sufism portray.
According to Sufism, everything is created by God. Whether they are humans or animals. They are Muslims or Non-Muslims. They are one’s friends or enemies. One thing in common is that they all are created by the same God. Therefore, the Seeker, the lover who is in love with his God loves everything that belongs to Him, leaving behind all sorts and kinds of differences.
The Seeker, tries to follow the Sunnah, the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him).
Sufism, however, is related to Islam.
Islam and other Religions
Islam is closely connected with other religions such as Judaism and Christianity. In fact, the Holy Qur’an explains that the religion of the Jews and Christians is the same as that revealed to Muhammad (Peace be upon Him),
“He has ordained for you of religion what He enjoined upon Noah and that which We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], and what We enjoined upon Abraham and Moses and Jesus – to establish the religion and not be divided therein. Difficult for those who associate others with Allah is that to which you invite them. Allah chooses for Himself whom He wills and guides to Himself whoever turns back [to Him]”. [Al Quran- 42:13]
The Holy Quran further says,
“..And they did not become divided until after knowledge had come to them – out of jealous animosity between themselves. And if not for a word that preceded from your Lord [postponing the penalty] until a specified time, it would have been concluded between them. And indeed, those who were granted inheritance of the Scripture after them are, concerning it, in disquieting doubt.
So to that [religion of Allah] invite, [O Muhammad], and remain on a right course as you are commanded and do not follow their inclinations but say, “I have believed in what Allah has revealed of the Qur’an, and I have been commanded to do justice among you. Allah is our Lord and your Lord. For us are our deeds, and for you your deeds. There is no [need for] argument between us and you. Allah will bring us together, and to Him is the [final] destination.” [Al Quran- 42:15-16]
Islam also believe in Prophets in which other Religions also believe which are as Moses, David, Nuh, Isa, and Abrahim (Peace be upon them).
Therefore Islam respects other religions since it remains the Religion of Love, Peace and Harmony.
Enter Islam, the Religion of Peace and Love!
To enter the religion of Love and Peace, one has to recite the Kalimah e Shahadad and accept it wholeheartedly
Kalimah e Shahadah is,
Transliteration: Ašhadu an l? il?ha ill?-ll?h wa?dahu l? šar?ka lahu, wa ašhadu anna mu?ammadan ?abduhu wa ras?luhu.
Translation:I bear witness that (there is) no god except Allah; One is He, no partner hath He, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger.
Who is a Shaykh e Tareeqah?
Traditionally, a teacher is must for worldly teachings and same is the practice for Religious knowledge (Ilm). Similarly, an authentic Spiritual Guide famously known as the Shaykh is necessary for the ‘Purification of self’ (Tazkiya-e-Nafs), heart diseases and training of the soul.
According to Mawlana Jalaluddin Rumi (May Allah be Pleased with Him),
Shariah is a beacon to lead to a Path and to tread upon it is Mystic Way Order (Tariqah). Reaching at the destination is a reality (Haqiqah and Marifah). The Prayer, therefore, could only be learnt through a Disciplinary Shaykh E Tareeqah.